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Home > Instruments > SF-12® Health Survey and SF-12v2® Health Survey (SF-12® / SF-12v2®)

SF-12® Health Survey and SF-12v2® Health Survey (SF-12® / SF-12v2®)

Derived from the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36®) in 1996 (SF-12v1®)

Modified in 2000 (SF-12v2® - version currently used)

Author(s)

Ware John E

© The Medical Outcomes Trust (MOT), Health Assessment Lab (HAL) and QualityMetric Incorporated.

Purpose

  • Pathology:

Generic

  • Disease:

All

  • Objective:

Developed to be a much shorter, yet valid, alternative to the SF-36® for use in large surveys of general and specific populations as well as large longitudinal studies of health outcomes

  • Population for intended use:

Adult

 

Characteristics

  • Type of instrument:

Health-Related Quality of Life - HRQL (incl. health status)

  • Administration mode:

Interviewer-administered

Self-administered

  • Data collection mode:

Computer-administered

Electronic version

Interactive Voice Response System (IVR)

Paper and pen

Telephone-administered

[ Also suited for handheld devices administration ]

  • Number of items:

12

  • Recall/Observation period:

The past 4 weeks (standard version) / The past week (acute version)

 

Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire

Ware J Jr, Kosinski M, Keller SD. A 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey:construction of scales and preliminary tests of reliability and validity. Med Care. 1996 Mar;34(3):220-33 (PubMed abstract)

Language(s)

  • Original language:

English for the USA

  • List of existing translations:

The translations listed below may not have undergone a full linguistic validation process and may require further work to be suitable for use in a study.
This list of translations is subject to constant changes, therefore please check the status of translations with Mapi Research Trust / the developers / copyright holders / distributors.

SF-12v2® Standard

Afrikaans for South Africa English for Singapore Korean for the USA Spanish for Ecuador
Albanian English for South Africa Latvian for Latvia Spanish for El Salvador
Arabic for Algeria English for Taiwan Lithuanian for Lithuania Spanish for Guatemala
Arabic for Israel English for Thailand Malay Spanish for Honduras
Arabic for Morocco English for Vietnam Malay for Singapore Spanish for Mexico
Arabic for Tunisia English for the Philippines Malayalam Spanish for Nicaragua
Arabic for the USA English for the UK Marathi for India Spanish for Panama
Arabic for the United Arab Emirates Estonian for Estonia Montenegrin for Montenegro Spanish for Paraguay
Armenian Farsi for Iran Norwegian for Norway Spanish for Peru
Bahasa for Indonesia Finnish for Finland Oriya for India Spanish for Puerto Rico
Bengali for India French for Belgium Polish for Poland Spanish for Spain
Bosnian for Bosnia French for Canada Portuguese for Brazil Spanish for Uruguay
Bulgarian for Bulgaria French for France Portuguese for Portugal Spanish for Venezuela
Cebuano for the Philippines French for Morocco Punjabi Spanish for the USA
Chinese for China (Simplified) French for Switzerland Romanian Swedish for Finland
Chinese for Hong Kong French for Tunisia Romanian for Moldavia Swedish for Sweden
Chinese for Malaysia Ganda for Uganda Russian for Belarus Tagalog
Chinese for Singapore Georgian Russian for Estonia Tamil
Chinese for Taiwan German for Austria Russian for Israel Tamil for Malaysia
Chinese for the USA German for Belgium Russian for Kazakhstan Tamil for Singapore
Croatian German for Germany Russian for Latvia Telugu
Czech German for Switzerland Russian for Lithuania Thai
Danish for Denmark Greek Russian for Moldavia Tswana
Dutch for Belgium (Flemish) Gujarati for India Russian for Russia Turkish for Turkey
Dutch for the Netherlands Hebrew Russian for Ukraine Ukrainian for Ukraine
English for Australia Hindi for India Serbian Urdu for India
English for Belgium Hungarian Sesotho Urdu for Pakistan
English for Canada Icelandic Slovak Vietnamese for the USA
English for Hong Kong Italian for Italy Slovenian Xhosa
English for India Italian for Switzerland Spanish for Argentina Yoruba
English for Israel Japanese for Japan Spanish for Chile Zulu for South Africa
English for Lebanon Kannada for India Spanish for Colombia
English for Malaysia Kazakh Spanish for Costa Rica
English for New Zealand Korean for Korea Spanish for Dominican Republic

SF-12v2® Acute

Afrikaans for South Africa English for South Africa Latvian for Latvia Spanish for Dominican Republic
Albanian English for Thailand Lithuanian for Lithuania Spanish for Ecuador
Arabic for Algeria English for Vietnam Malay Spanish for El Salvador
Arabic for Israel English for the Philippines Malay for Singapore Spanish for Guatemala
Arabic for Morocco English for the UK Malayalam Spanish for Honduras
Arabic for Tunisia Estonian for Estonia Marathi for India Spanish for Mexico
Bahasa for Indonesia Farsi Montenegrin for Montenegro Spanish for Nicaragua
Bengali for India Finnish for Finland Norwegian for Norway Spanish for Panama
Bosnian for Bosnia French for Belgium Oriya for India Spanish for Peru
Bulgarian for Bulgaria French for Canada Polish for Poland Spanish for Puerto Rico
Cebuano for the Philippines French for France Portuguese for Brazil Spanish for Spain
Chinese for China (Simplified) French for Morocco Portuguese for Portugal Spanish for Uruguay
Chinese for Hong Kong French for Switzerland Punjabi Spanish for Venezuela
Chinese for Malaysia French for Tunisia Romanian Spanish for the USA
Chinese for Singapore Georgian Romanian for Moldavia Swedish for Finland
Chinese for Taiwan German for Austria Russian for Belarus Swedish for Sweden
Chinese for the USA German for Belgium Russian for Estonia Tagalog
Croatian German for Germany Russian for Israel Tamil
Czech German for Switzerland Russian for Kazakhstan Tamil for Malaysia
Danish for Denmark Greek Russian for Latvia Tamil for Singapore
Dutch for Belgium (Flemish) Gujarati for India Russian for Lithuania Telugu
Dutch for the Netherlands Hebrew Russian for Moldavia Thai
English for Australia Hindi for India Russian for Russia Turkish for Turkey
English for Belgium Hungarian Russian for Ukraine Ukrainian for Ukraine
English for Canada Icelandic Serbian Urdu for India
English for Hong Kong Italian for Italy Sesotho Urdu for Pakistan
English for India Italian for Switzerland Slovak Vietnamese for the USA
English for Israel Japanese for Japan Slovenian Xhosa
English for Lebanon Kannada for India Spanish for Argentina Zulu for South Africa
English for Malaysia Kazakh Spanish for Chile
English for New Zealand Korean for Korea Spanish for Colombia
English for Singapore Korean for the USA Spanish for Costa Rica

More information on SF-12v2® languages is available on QualityMetric Website

Language list updated: November 2013

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Last update: March 2014

Last update in collaboration with the author: January 2014

  

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